As the states population grows so do the numbers of unplanned pregnancies. At this moment atleast half of all pregnancies are unplanned, this number consists of mostly teens and women of low income. To help prevent these unwanted pregnancies there are plenty of options available to women such as several pregnancy preventing options and abortions, but these come at a cost.
On March 23, 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was signed into law by President Barack Obama. This statute was set forth to improve coverage for those with pre-existing conditions, expand access to care for over 30 million Americans and reduce the long term costs of the United States health care system. Most of these “changes’ will be taking effect within the next few years. To help prevent the large numbers of unplanned pregnancies there needs to be an increase in the amount of insurers capable of adding women’s health to there list of no co-pay/no deductibles. If women had these resources within their reach then they would most likely take advantage of these life saving oppurtunities. With this in effect it will decrease the cost of emergency care for pregnant women, the amount of homeless children, help fight off diseases and all in all improve the health of women.
There are several prenancy preventing contraceptive methods out there today including intraterine dvices which are placed inside the uterus, sterilization that involves tubal ligation (in women) and vasectoy (in men) and th barrier methods that includes condoms, diaphragm, injectible, and hormonal contraceptive. Every woman is different and so is her choice of birthcontrol, one woman may be able to take oral contraceptive when another may have reactions, so it is best if ALL contraceptive is covered by the insurers. Some are already offered with co-pays or deductibles, but whats the difference? A co-pay is required per visit before being seen by a physician and a deductible is paid yearly before the insurance coverage begins. Women’s health should be covered without out of pcket costs to any women who is still able to have children.
There are a few places that offer help to women such as Medicaid Women’s Health Program and Planned Parenthood.
WHP covers the following services:
- Annual family planning exam and Pap smear
- Follow-up visit, if related to the contraceptive method
- Counseling on specific methods and use of contraception (as part of evaluation and management services), including natural family planning and excluding emergency contraception
- Female steriliztion (Essure procedure and tubal ligation)
- Follow-up visits related to sterilization, including procedures to confirm sterilization
- Certain screenings related to family panning, such as: pregnancy test, Rubella antibody test, routine urinalysis, urine culture, complete blood count (CBC), hemoglobin and hematocrit tests, blood typing, blood glucose screening, lipid panel, thyroid stimulating hormone test
- Sexually transmitted infectious (STI) screenings: HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydia, gonorrhea, gardnella, human papillomavirus (HPV), trichomonas, candida, syphilis, herpes.
Contraceptive methods available as physician services and in Family Planning Clinics include fitting for diaphragm or cervical cap, cervical cap, diaphragm, IUC fitting, insertion, and removal, male and female condoms, vaginal spermicides, Depo-Provera injction and single rod contraceptive implant insertion and removal. The eligibility requirements include ages 18-44, U.S citizen or qualified immigrants, do not currently receive full Medicaid benifits, CHIP, or Medicare Part A or B, has not been sterilized, does not have private insurance and has a countable househod income at or below 185 percent of the federal poverty level.
The Planned Parenthood offers services such as abortion, birthcontrol, body image, emergency contraceptive, general health care, mens sexual health, pregnancy, relationships, sex and sexuality, sexual orientaion and gender, STDS, and women’s health. There are several different locations to choose from and there are eligibility requirements also.
Preventive services for women should come at no cost to those who are able to have children, this sort of pregnancy preventing health care at no cost would help lower the poverty level, women will not have children when they are incapable of caring for and supporting them, there will be fewer women needing the emergency contraceptive, less abortions, and fewer chldren left in the hands of the CPS.