Everyone doesn’t live in a rural area, nor does everyone in a rural area have the ability to till up the entire yard to grow vegetables. Urban gardening involves creative use of space and can be equally applied to city- and country-dwellers alike. Gardens can be established almost anywhere. What you need:
A place to plant the seeds – since we’re talking urban gardening, odds are great you’ll be planting in containers of some sort. But that isn’t necessarily the only option. If you live in the city with tightly packed homes, you may still have natural ground to utilize. Even the little plot of land between your garage and your back door may do the trick;
A good quality soil – if you’re using containers, you are buying soil. If you have an in-ground plot, you may need to boost your soil using additives, fertilizers, lime, etc;
Water – you absolutely must be able to water your plants. If your community is apt to have shortages and institute watering bans, you can start saving rain water, sink water, bath water. Your gray water (containing no fecal matter) can have soaps in it, but should not have bleach, ammonia, or other caustic chemicals. If you can’t drink it without serious harm, your plants can’t either;
Sunshine – gotta have it, nothing grows without it except mushrooms. South facing windows, decks, patios, porches, balconies and the like are best, but if you can find six to eight hours of sunlight for your containers daily, you’re all set;
Next, plan the garden. Plants that will grow the tallest, or those that vine (pole beans, peas, cukes) should be in the back, as in furthest from the sun. You do not want them to overshadow smaller plants, which you’ll place in the front, or closer to the sun. Carrots will not block tomatoes, which in turn will not block corn. Timing of planting is also important. Let the taller plants gain some height before planting smaller crops.
You will also need to get creative with plant support. The little space you have is probably not enough to contain both your plant and a cage. Instead, focus on the structures available. If you’re planting near the house, hooks in the walls will enable you to anchor string. Your plants can then be ‘trained’ to these hanging strings. If there are no existing structures to utilize, sink a pole, tomato stake, shepherd’s hook, etc. near the plant. Tie string to, or around, this post so that heavy-fruited plants do not break under their own weight.
Follow the same setup if you are planting in containers, large in the back, short in the front. Then fertilize, water, weed, and wait. You’ll have veggies soon.