We use the National Identity Card (DNI) as the main mechanism to identify ourselves before any agency or public authority. We carry it everywhere every day and most of us probably do not know what version of DNI we have, what is the meaning of some fields or even the security measures that incorporate, such as holograms, laser marks, among others.
The new DNI 4.0 will be the “cornerstone” for mobile transactions with the administration or online shopping.
Since its beginnings in the 1940s, this document has evolved and has undergone several modifications to adapt to new needs and realities, until 2006, when the first electronic ID card was launched with which you could carry out administrative procedures and formalities electronically.
Now, it is foreseen that from the 2nd of August the so-called European ID card will come into force, which adapts to the requirements of the European Union regulation 2918/1157. The aim is to unify the new European identity document with those of the other member countries, homogenizing its appearance and functions.
The new DNI 4.0
The new electronic ID card, known as DNI 4.0, has been developed jointly by the Spanish National Police and the Royal Spanish Mint (FNMT-RCM). The main new features it incorporates, established in the ISO standard for identity cards, are as follows:
- It will be able to be carried on the mobile: just as it already incorporates the driving license, one of the main novelties of the new ID card is that we will be able to carry it on our phone using the free mobile application that is still being prepared by the Government and that is expected to allow, to any citizen, the accreditation of identity and the use of the electronic signature.electronic ID card from the mobile phone.
- Microchip: the new DNI stores the photo, signature and fingerprints of the person plus the authentication certificates and electronic signature, which are the ones that allow us to carry out most of the public procedures online. According to the New Spanish DNI Document 4.0, this microchip will be compatible with the LDS2 digital passport standard (with the ability to add data to the electronic part of the passport to add and read information). This microchip will have ARM Cortex M architecture, which improves storage capacity, facilitates data migration from one chip to another and is, thanks to its low power consumption, very useful for mobile inspection posts.
- It includes the name in English: the new ID card also carries the name National Identify Card, as European regulations require these words to appear in at least one other official language of the EU institutions. On the front, in addition, the two-letter code of the Member State (ES), printed in negative in a blue rectangle and surrounded by 12 yellow stars (the flag of the European Union), has been added in the top left-hand corner.
- The identity number is moved to the top centre of the document.
- It will serve to identify the person both physically and digitally throughout the EU.
As for the dimensions, the physical ID card will keep the ID-1 form, the same as the previous one, with the same dimensions (85.6×53.89 mm).
When will it be implemented?
This new format will be implemented gradually in all the Documentation Units throughout Spain so that, next August, all of them will be able to issue it to Spanish citizens.
It is also planned to launch a semi-automatic issuing system in the coming months to reduce waiting times for ordinary renewals. In addition, it also increases security because it allows the photograph to be taken in situ, at the police station itself.
Within the facilities for the renewal of the DNI, it is also expected that the payment of the fees can be made by bank card, by TPV (now the payment in cash is the only way to renew the DNI), by bank card, by TPV (now the payment in cash is the only way to renew the DNI) or by bank card.ption).
How long will the new DNI be valid?
The new document will be valid for a minimum of five years and a maximum of ten years. Some exceptions may be made for children under ten years of age and those over 70 years of age.
The old documents will cease to be valid from 3 August 2031.
Replacement for DNI 3.0
The previous version of this new proposal already incorporated as the main innovation a radio frequency antenna that allows any device with NFC technology (Near Field Communication), can act as a card reader, thus eliminating the need to have to have an additional device.
It is, therefore, a step further for the electronic ID or 3.0, presented in December 2015 and the only one issued so far.
Towards the “digital wallet
The new document is in line with the European Digital Identity project, a kind of “digital wallet” that aims to unify all personal documents in a single application. The project is expected to be launched in October 2022.
This wallet would allow users to log in to government sites, pay bills and register for different services using a single ID. Access would be through fingerprints or retina scans.
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