When students go back to school in Richmond, Virginia and around the country they will probably take an English course which includes learning grammar rules.
Here are some common grammar mistakes that the average person makes. See if your mistake is listed below.
Lay means to place something or put something down, and it must be followed by a noun or pronoun. Example: Lay that package on the table.
Lie is to recline. Example: Jack would like to lie in the hammock near the pool.
It’s is the contraction for it is. Example: It’s going to rain.
Its refers to possesion. Example: The couch is missing its cushion.
Who is used as a subject. If you can substitute a person’s name, then the pronoun to be used is “Who.” Example: Who is coming to the party? (Jack is coming to the party.)
Whom is always used after a pronoun: Examples: For whom the bell tolls? To whom is the letter addressed?
Use between when referring to two things or people. Example: Divide the pie between the two older children.
Use among when referring to more than two things or people. Example: Here is a bowl of popcorn to share among the five younger children.
Each, One Another
Use each when referring to two. Example: Each of the two students brought a book.
One another is used when referring to more than two. Example: Let the students discuss the lesson with one another.
Use fewer for items you can count. Example: For five or fewer items, go to the next cashier.
Use less for items not to be counted. Example: There is less water in the last tank.
Amount is used for bulk measurement; that which is not counted. Example: What is the amount of flour in the barrel?
Number refers to items that can be counted. Example: What is the number of items in your cart?
Farther refers to a physical distance. Think of “far.” Example: How much farther do we have to walk?
Further refers to something additional. Example: For further information, contact me.
A principal is a school administrator; a person. Notice “pal” in principal. Example: The principal wants to meet with all teachers at 3:00 p.m.
A principle is a rule or regulation or a primary thing. Example: The principle part of the discussion was omitted.
Stationary means not movable. Example: The old oak tree was stationary in the wind.
Stationery means writing paper and envelope. Notice the “e” for envelope. Example: I bought some beautiful stationery.
Accept means to receive. Example: I accept your apology.
Except means to leave out or to exclude. Example: All people were there except the parents.
Who, Which, That
Who refers to people. Example: Who ordered the flowers?
Which refers to nonliving objects or to animals. Which should never refer to people. Example: My dog is the one which has the waggy tail.
That may refer to animals, people or nonliving objects. Example: I want to cut down the tree that gives no shade.
List below pairs of words that you are confused about.