Apple picking weather has arrived in the Bluegrass Region, with it the cool and crisp fall weather. Thoughts start turning to the fall apple harvest. There are hundreds of varieties of apples grown in the United States. Here are a few of the favorite varieties grown in the Bluegrass Region.
1.) American Beauty, also known as Beauty of America or Sterling Beauty
It is a large, dark-red apple, sweet and aromatic with slightly chewy flesh. The flavor has often been described as vinous. It is regarded as a high-quality fruit and is a very productive, annual apple. Ripens late September to October.
2.) Black Amish
An old, general purpose apple with large to very large in varying shades of red depending on the amount of sun exposure. The yellowish flesh is crisp and fine-grained. Ripens September to October.
3.) Fall Pippin or Pound Pippin
An old apple with large, somewhat oblong in shape and thin clear yellow skin. Flesh is white, tinged with yellow and tender, juicy and aromatic. Ripens in August and September.
4.) Golden Delicious or Yellow Delicious
Fruit is large, conic to round in shape with mostly smooth golden yellow skin with occasional russet patches. The crisp, clean juicy yellow flesh is sweet and mild. A self-fertile tree that is an excellent choice for a pollinator tree. Ripens mid to late September.
5.) Granny Smith
Granny Smith is one of the few all-green apples that have gained popularity in the American market. It is a good keeper and considered by many to be one of the best cooking apples, making excellent applesauce and apple juice. The fruit is medium sized with a dark to pale green skin with distinctive whitish dots. Crisp, firm, and juicy with a good balance of acids and sugars. Ripens Late September to October
6.) Kentucky Limbertwig
Another old Limbertwig from the Cumberland Mountains. True Limbertwig flavor and good for cooking and fresh eating. Ripens late and is an excellent keeper.
7.) McIntosh or McIntosh Red
The most important commercial variety grown in the north. The fruit is medium-sized, roundish to slightly flatten with smooth, thin, whitish-yellow skin mostly covered with a deep red blush. The firm, crisp, white flesh is juicy, very aromatic and sometimes stained with red streaks. Ripens September to December and is a good keeper.
8.) Old Fashioned Winesap, also known as Red Winter.
This Winesap ripens later than most, sometimes hanging onto the tree into November. It is covered in red and is a much larger apple than most Winesap. It is an outstanding keeper and a very good cider cultivar.
9.) Rome Beauty, also known as Rome, Foust’s Rome Beauty, Phoenix, or Roman Beauty
One of the most important US commercial varieties for many years, Rome Beauty is considered one of the best cooking and processing varieties available. Fruit is large to very large, roundish to somewhat oblate in shape. The thick, smooth skin is yellowish-green almost entirely covered with bright red and dark carmine stripes. The yellow flesh is firm, crisp and juicy with a tangy pleasing flavor. Ripens in September to October and keeps well.
10.) Shockley, also known as Waddell Hall, Horse Bud, or Dixie
It is an abundant and dependable bearer, which grows well under all-climatic and soil conditions. Fruit medium or smaller and rather oblong conical. The smooth, tough, pale yellow skin is mostly covered with bright red or crimson. The yellowish-white flesh is crisp, juicy, and sweet. Ripens October to November.